The United States federal government should substantially increase its security cooperation with the North Atlantic Treaty Organization in one or more of the following areas: artificial intelligence, biotechnology, cybersecurity (bibliography)

Topic Paper


What is NATO?

America and Europe Defeated Authoritarians Before, And Can Do So Again. (January 12). Although the China challenge spans many arenas, the long-term competition likely will be won or lost in the economic and technology domains, where the core drivers of global power lie. A strong, revitalized transatlantic relationship is absolutely essential to prevent Beijing from dominating the key technologies and global economy of coming decades. In the key domains of great power competition, the European Union, in particular, has enormous influence due to its relative economic weight and the fact that it is a regulatory superpower, including on technology norms and standards. Thus, a tightly coordinated transatlantic approach to China is the only way that the leading democratic powers can prevail in the great-power competition. The new EU-U.S. Trade and Technology Council (TTC) is a good step toward this end, as it aims to advance transatlantic prosperity and reinforce democratic values by strengthening commercial ties and supporting the development of emerging technologies.



Emerging and disruptive technologies


Cognitive Biotechnology: opportunities and considerations for the NATO Alliance


Security and Resilience for Emerging Synthetic Biology and Biotechnology Threats


–January 22

2021 records ‘all-time peak’ in weekly cyber attacks

Preparing the Inevitable Cyber Surprise 


NATO looking at holistic path to boost cyber defense arsenal


NATO seeks collaboration with cyber security suppliers

Report Implicates Belarus in Anti-NATO Cyber Campaign


NPS Collaboration Keeps NATO Up To Speed in Cyber Security


Is NATO ready cyberware

— June

Former NATO Commander Says NATO Alliance Has ‘Woken Up’ To Cybersecurity

NATO Warns it Will Consider a Military Response to Cyber-Attacks

NATO’s Stoltenberg: Sophisticated Cyber Attacks Could Trigger Collective Response

NATO members agree to new cyber defense policy

Cybersecurity, Ransomware Climb Policy Ladder at NATO, G-7 Meetings

— July

U.S., NATO and EU to blame China for cyberattack on Microsoft Exchange servers


NATO-EU Cooperation in Cybersecurity and Cyber Defence Offers Unrivalled Advantages

NATO needs continuous responses in cyberspace

The Escalation Inversion and Other Oddities of Situational Cyber Stability

Artificial Intelligence

January 2022

Defence faces AI strategy implementation challenges


The Alliance in the loop: NATO and Artificial Intelligence

The Double-Edged Sword of AI: Enabler of Disinformation

— November

NATO ups the ante on disruptive tech, artificial intelligence

Algorithmic power, NATO and artificial intelligence

NATO’s new AI strategy: lacking in substance and lacking in leadership

NATO Sets the Strategy on AI

Policy Insights: NATO’S AI Strategy: AI fencing the guard

NATO hammers-out its first artificial intelligence (AI) strategy to promote ethical use advanced computers

— October

NATO’s Role in Responsible AI Governance in Military Affairs

NATO defense ministers adopt strategy on artificial intelligence

An Artificial Intelligence Strategy for NATO

NATO releases first-ever strategy for Artificial Intelligence

NATO Plans AI Strategy, $1B Investment Fund as it Seeks to Stay Ahead in Tech Realm

Nato defence ministers agree to artificial intelligence strategy

Maintaining and Improving NATO’s Technological Edge


Maintaining and Improving NATO’s Technological Edge


Debunking the AI Arms Race Theory


Nato allies need to speed up AI defence co-operation


NATO wants to set AI standards. If only its members agreed on the basics

NATO to Focus on Technology Starting with AI

National Security Commission on AI


NATO Leadership on Ethical AI is Key to Future Interoperability


NATO Decision-Making in the Age of Big Data and Artificial Intelligence